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Canada

The first inhabitants of Canada were Aboriginal peoples, believed to have arrived from Asia thousands of years ago by way of a land bridge between Siberia and Alaska. Four hundred years ago, travelers from France and Great Britain began to explore the country in earnest. Permanent settlement by these two nations began in the early 1600s. Up until World War II, most immigrants came from the British Isles or eastern Europe. Since 1945, however, Canada's cultural make-up has been enhanced by increasing numbers of southern Europeans, Asians, South Americans and people from the Caribbean Islands, with the greatest numbers of immigrants arriving from countries in the Asia Pacific region. Today, the country is made up of 10 provinces and three territories, most of which are populated by Canadians who can trace their ancestry from virtually everywhere in the world. A recent census showed that over 11 million Canadians, or 42 per cent of the population, reported having an ethnic origin other than British or French.

Canada plays host to more than 1,80,000 International students in any given year. Increasingly, Canada is becoming the country of choice for students from all parts of the world.

Quality Education

Canada spends more per capita on its education system than any other country in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). A Degree/Diploma from a Canadian Institute is recognized world wide. International students who graduate from Canadian Institutions enjoy successful and prosperous careers. Canada is known for its quality education & competitive entry requirements.

Inexpensive

Canadian Institutes, charge lower tuition fees for international students than their counterparts in competing countries and at the same time, maintain excellent educational quality. However as the fees are more affordable, admissions are more competitive. Over the last three years, Canada's inflation rate has remained one of the lowest in the industrialized world.

Permanent Residency and Canadian Immigration

International students can apply for their Permanent Residency which takes up to 15 to 18 months from within Canada. However they need to meet the minimum eligibility criteria of 67 Points.

Ranked as the Number one Country

For the past 9 consecutive years, a United Nations survey has found Canada to be the best place in the world to live. The survey conducted every year, evaluates quality of life in 174 countries, using over 200 performance indicators. Canada earns particularly high marks for its access to education, high life expectancy and low crime rates.

A safe place to study

Every step is taken to ensure the safety of students on Canada?s campuses. Most universities/colleges have their own campus security 24 hours a day. There are also "Walk Safe" programmes to assist people in getting to public transportation during late hours.

Every step is taken to ensure the safety of students on Canada's campuses. Most universities/colleges have their own campus security 24 hours a day. There are also "Walk Safe" programmes to assist people in getting to public transportation during late hours.

A bilingual nation

Canada is a bilingual country with two official languages, English and French. The vast majority (75%) of Canada?s French-speaking inhabitants live in the province of Quebec, which is located in the eastern part of the country but there are French-speaking communities throughout the country. English is the main language of communication in all provinces other than Quebec.

Work during and after and co-op program

Students in Canada are allowed to work part time on campus during the first 6 months of their program and off campus part time thereafter. The duration permitted is up to 20 hours per week. Several programs may even have a paid co-op term where one gets hands on experience in working in the industry. These may even be paid co-ops. Further students on the completion of their program of 1 year can work up to 1 years and students applying for 2 years program can work for 2-3 years.

Work during and after and co-op program

Canada welcomes over 2 lakh immigrants per year & has a policy for skilled professionals as well as Business Immigrants. Canada has maintained a strong stable economic growth because of its active immigration policy. Two thirds of the 5.4% pa increase in population is due to immigration. Canadian Immigration is one of the simplest immigration systems in comparison with other countries. It allows a person to live and work anywhere in Canada, and confers upon that person a Permanent Resident status. It comes with certain responsibilities and may be revoked if the holder does not meet Canadian Residency obligations, or is found guilty of serious criminal activity. A person who is a Canadian Permanent Resident may apply for Canadian Citizenship after 3 years.

Canadian Education System

Education in Canada is under the complete jurisdiction of the provinces and territories (States) and as such, there is no Federal(Central) education system in Canada. In keeping with the national commitment to education, public education in Canada is free up to and including secondary school (12th Std), in all the provinces. At the post-secondary level, institutions are divided into community colleges and universities. A significant number of university graduates attend college upon completion of their degree in order to acquire vocational skills for employment.

Types of Certification

  • Certificate: Is a qualification awarded upon successful completion of a programme which is usually one year in length.
  • Diploma: Is a qualification awarded on the basis of one or two year's of successful study.
  • Advanced Diploma: Is a 3 years program some of which may lead to a Bachelors Degree.
  • Bachelors Degrees: Are awarded by Universities/University Colleges/Community Colleges after four years of full-time study and lead to graduate level studies.
  • Post Graduate Diplomas/Certificates: It lead to a Masters Degree. These programs have work terms which provide full-time opportunities to gain practical experience along with theoretical studies. A typical co-op term lasts 12 to 17 weeks. The prerequisites to participate in these programs is a Bachelors Degree of 3 or 4 years duration.
  • Masters Degree :Is an option for Bachelors Degree. Graduates who have an interest in further learning and research, and for those who want to broaden their career possibilities. It is for 2 yrs duration and can be pursued after a 4 yrs Bachelors or a 3 yrs Bachelors & a 1year Post Graduate Diploma from Canada.
  • Doctorate or PhD :Is a degree ranking above the Masters Degree and generally requires four to seven years to complete.

Co-operative Work Term

Co-op is a work term provided as part and parcel of the course curriculum. It provides an excellent opportunity to students to gain first hand practical experience related to the field of specialization. Students can gain on-the-job experience while continuing to study. Co-op provides full time opportunities that last for 12 to 17 weeks.

Co-Operative work programmes, combine courses in many subjects with relevant work, giving students an invaluable head start with their careers. This assists International students in connecting with the Canadian job market and developing a network with the Canadian companies.

Institutions

The degrees & diplomas from Canadian Institutions are among the most widely recognized in the world. The education system in Canada encompasses of both public funded & private institutions. Students have a diverse choice of 90 Universities & 175 Community Colleges offering a wide array of programmes. While pursuing their studies, the students, are allowed to work for the first 6 months on-campus and thereafter off-campus. Student can earn more from vocational & Technology courses than normal degrees.

Post secondary education is offered by four types of educational institutions:

  • Technical/Career Colleges: These are privately owned and operated with the main objective of preparing students for the job market after a short period of instruction. The emphasis at career colleges is on practical skills over a broad range of programmes.
  • Community Colleges & Technical Institutes: They typically have more career oriented, practical/technical related curricula, with small classes, off-campus course offerings, a greater ratio of laboratory space to class room space, and an interactive teaching style.
  • University Colleges: As a component of the Canadian University system, University Colleges offer students a choice of either academic oriented university degree programmes or the more practical-oriented college diplomas and certificates.
  • Universities: Canadian Universities are largely public funded and as a result, offer consistently high quality education at lower tuition rates for International students than their counterparts in competing countries. They offer a broad range of courses and degrees from Undergraduate to Doctorate and also certificate and professional degrees. Class sizes in universities are generally large.

Grade Point Average (GPA)

The average grade achieved by a student during the course of an educational programme, is calculated on various scales depending on the Institution. (eg: Generally the student may be evaluated an a 4-point scale or a 9 point scale).

What is the difference between a University and a College?

Universities are educational institutions attended after at least 12 years of school, or after secondary school, for studies leading to a degree and research. All Canadian Universities four year bachelors degree programs; most offer one to two years master's degree and a number also offer doctoral or PhD programs. Bachelors Degrees can be granted by Universities, some colleges and some Institutes in Canada. Community colleges are two-year institutions that offer technical or vocational courses, or courses for transfer to a university, leading to a certificate or diploma. These colleges do not generally offer degree programmes.

Can I study and work part-time to help finance myself in Canada?

Yes, you can in certain circumstances. However, when applying for a student authorization you must be able to prove to the visa officer that you have enough finances to support yourself for the entire length of your study program. International students can work on the University/College campus, where as off campus work is permitted only after 6 months. Full-time students can work in their institutions without the need for an employment authorization. International students can work up to 20 hours per week during their studies and 40 hours per week during vacation. They can earn approximately C$ 7 - C$ 10 per hour. Students can work full time off campus during co-op terms and can earn approximately C$ 10 - C$ 15 per hour, amounting to C$ 400 to C$ 1,000 per month. You are allowed to work in Canada for 1 to 3 years after completing your academic program depending on the length of the program.

How much value would a Diploma hold?

Colleges offers a wide variety of Career-oriented programs like Advance Diplomas/ Diplomas/ Certificates. These programs are specially designed to give students the opportunity to learn and develop many marketable skills in their preferred career. It emphasizes on the technical aspects providing hands-on experience and fundamentals of the program. These programs give the students a practical background that employers demand and helps them get jobs easily. It may often happen that students who have completed a vocational program may get better jobs/salaries than those who have studied in a University Degree Program.

Do I need Health Insurance?

Yes. Health Insurance is mandatory. You will have to arrange for medical coverage before you arrive in Canada. Medical coverage varies from province to province, and sometimes from university to university within each province. Most of the Institutes have health insurance included in their tuition fees. You may also take health insurance from India.

Is my spouse/dependant allowed to work in Canada?

If your spouse or any dependant wants to work while in Canada, they must apply for their own work permit. Your Spouse Permit will be valid for the same period that you are authorized to study in Canada.

Can I work after Graduation?

Students may work up to one year if they have completed a one year program and up to 3 years if they have completed 2 years or more program.

How do i obtain an extension of my student authorization?

If you wish to extend your student authorization, you can do so within Canada. Contact the nearest Canadian Immigration Center at least 2 months before the expiry of your authorization.

Gaining a Canadian study permit for prospective Indian students was always a challenge. But now the Student Partnership Program launched by the Canadian High Commission, New Delhi, has come as a boon for Indian students. A student visa to Canada is usually a simple process. Our proactive ways of working make sure that none of our student visa applicants lag behind and are in their universities before the start of their sessions.. Students must also meet the requirements of the Canadian Immigration Act and Regulations.

Where to Apply

An applicant has to apply through VFS, which is available in 9 cities, which will then on behalf of you forward your application to the Canadian High commission in New Delhi.

Process

A. How many days prior a student can apply for Visa

90 days prior a student can apply for visa, but he can only fly 30 days prior from the course commencement date.

B. Document Checklist

The documents varies depending upon the category of visa student is applying.

You MUST submit the following:
University Checklist ? Attach THIS checklist as a cover sheet to your application.
Application form fully completed (all questions answered), dated and signed, indicating your personal mailing address, reliable phone contact, and your personal email address (if you agree to e-mail communications).
Family Information Form and Student Questionnaire (leaving no gaps).
Original, valid passport for yourself and each family member requesting a visa, as well as a photocopy of the bio data page.
Two passport photographs with a white background for yourself and each family member requesting a visa. The photographs should have your name printed on the back, dated and taken in the past 6 months.
Letter of Acceptance from your prospective University in Canada stating unconditional admission, course title, duration of study, level of study, start date (multiple start dates, if applicable) and latest possible date of admission.
Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476) (if applicable)
The following documents are STRONGLY recommended:
IELTS test results taken within last 24 months
Photocopy of the most recent diploma/leaving certificate, and most recent mark sheets (for entire program; consolidated mark sheets are NOT acceptable)
Copy of medical examination form IMM1017 if you opted to undergo a medical examination before submitting your application.
Copy of an Educational Loan from an Indian Chartered Bank equivalent to at least 80% of tuition +living + travel expenses for one academic year (normally, first year?s tuition, unless already paid, plus $8,000).
Copy of receipts for payment provided by the University (pre-payment of first term is strongly recommended)

Generic Checklist

YOU MUST SUBMIT THE FOLLOWING:
Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476) (if applicable)
The following documents are STRONGLY recommended:
IELTS test result taken within last 24 month
Photocopy of the most recent diploma/leaving certificate, and most recent mark sheets (for entire program; consolidated mark sheets are NOT acceptable)
Other educational certificates diplomas/degrees (including mark sheets)
AS A PREFERRED OPTION for proof of funds: A copy of an Educational Loan from an Indian Chartered Bank equivalent to at least 80% of tuition +living + travel expenses for one academic year (normally, first year?s tuition, unless already paid, plus $8,000).
Copy of receipts for payment provided by the University (pre-payment of first term is strongly recommended)
Form 16 for salaried employees or income tax return document.
Scholarships or any financial assistance or award from a government or other funding agency must be presented on official letter stating the full amount of the award, its duration and any governing conditions.
Reference letter from the individual(s) providing you financial assistance for your program. The letter must indicate their occupation and relationship to you, the number of dependents they have and their full contact details. You should also provide a letter from the employer of the individual(s) providing you financial assistance for your program, clearly indicating employer contact details and full street address of business location.
Proof of employment - letter from your current or past employer and payslip's (last 3 months). Employment letter dated within 2 months of the application indicating occupation, job description, position, salary, allowances, years of employment, and authorized leave dates.
Previous passport(s) showing travel history.
Marriage Certificate and Birth Certificates for each family member whether or not they are requesting a visa, if applicable.

A student can carry Rs 7,200/- appx Cash while applying for Visa.

D. Processing Time

Processing time varies from case to case
Under SPP it takes 3-4 weeks
Under Non SPP it takes 5-6 weeks

It is recommended to apply for visa as soon as possible to avoid any kind of hassle English Language Requirement IELTS is mandatory for if the student if filing for Visa under Students partners program (SPP) with a minimum score of overall 6.0 band.

And it is also recommended to give IELTS even if the student is filling for visa under Non SPP.

For more information you can meet the Visa counselor at UES branch.

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